Overview of Ad hoc Network

Ad hoc generally meant to link two devices (computer/mobile) automatically without a fundamental managing network. It forms when two devices connected one with the other. It is mainly used in dynamic and networking mobility to control the congestion in networks.

Advantages of ad hoc network

           In the real world, more and more applications are implemented for intelligent transportation systems by using ad hoc networks. Some of the crucial advantages like the real-world applications are discussed below. 

  • Used in VANETs and in another vehicular environment to calm the car driver.
  • Used to control and check the working spaces.
  • Executing alternative actions in an emergency scenario like observing the polluted zones and discovering unarmed regions

Functions of ad hoc networking modules

Ad hoc networking modules are important to resolve the traffic issues that generally happen while sending packets through a particular routing path. In this case, we want to provide you with some significant ad hoc modules. The following are the important modules of ad hoc networking projects. 

  • Point-to-point: like its name, this module is just a point-to-point channel, where only two devices can be connected without multi-drop capability.
  • Mobility: it consists of a group of models to perform tracing and upholding the speed and existing Cartesian location
 Significant classes of ad hoc networking 
  • TV spectrum transmitter: It is used in TV transmitter-oriented communicationlike digital COFDM, digital 8-VSB, analog, etc. it enables PSD spectrum transmission required by the user set qualities.  
  • Propagation Delay Model: used in estimating the latency of propagation among the particular source and destination. It is a public figure member function model

The above-mentioned classes are important in avoiding the packet transmission delay in ad hoc networking. Its major function is to improve the spectrum transmission and calculating the delay in broadcasting, respectively, 

Research Ad hoc Network Projects

Objectives of integrated tools in ad hoc network 

           Integrated tools are used for handling the simulation accurately. Most absolute tools must be required to deal with the research issues of any domain

NetSim: This tool is mainly used in the improvement of routing. This tool can be easily integrated with OFDM Using Matlab, Wireshark, and sumo for evaluating functions

For your reference, we provide you with the single integrated tool as mentioned. We are having other appropriate tools for integration with ad hoc projects.

Programming languages for ad hoc network

For ad hoc networking projects, simulating tools and programming languages are more important. We listed you some of the effective programming languages used to implement the ad hoc projects

  • For Omnett++, the languages are c++ and ini files
  • For NS3, the language is Python
  • For NS2, the language is tcl script

Supporting OS with versions for ad hoc networking 

The feature of ad hoc networking is based on the operative system and its best versions in a computer or other communication devices. Specialized for ad hoc projects, our developer’s team has suggested some of the finest OS with versions


  • Processor: Intel Core i5-9400F
  • RAM: 8 GB
  • System Type: 64-bit Operating System


  • contiki-3.x 
  • windows -10 64 bit 
  • ubuntu-18.04 

Current versions of ad hoc network tools 

Software tools are considered to be the significant components in doing a successful project. There are some specified tools for ad hoc networking for better results. The following tools and their versions are used ad hoc for project purposes

  • cooja-3.0
  • ns-3.30
  • omnet++ 5.0

Notable protocols in Ad Hoc Network Projects

The remarkable protocols of ad hoc network projects can be distinguished into two types, link layered protocols and internet stack protocols. The following are the Link layer protocols of wired and wireless devices.

  • IEEE 802.11: It is a set of protocols belong to IEEE 802 and technical standards of LAN to identify the protocols MAC and PHY to enable systematic communication to use WLAN
  • Ethernet: The area covered by Ethernet can transmit packets at the speed of 10mbps. It generally belongs to LAN technology. It affords service until the layer of the data link.

Here are the Internet stack protocols

  • BGP: this protocol is basically designed to shift routing and to form the ability to reach the destination among the autonomous systems. It is known as a consistent border gateway protocol.
  • OSPF: it is used for IP networks as a routing protocol. It uses LSR and it belongs to the category of IGPs (Interior Gateway protocols)
  • Ipv6: it is the 6th version of the internet protocol, which is the most recent. It enables the computer network with location system and identification to direct the congestion on the internet.
  • Ipv4: it is the fourth version of the IP. It is one of the major protocols based on standard internetworking approaches in networks of packet-switched and internet.
  • UDP: it helps to launch loss-tolerating connections among internet applications and low delay
  • TCP: it assures consistent packet transmission.

We can able to develop a new protocol for your ad hoc network projects. In this case, we discuss with you all features of the protocol. Hence, you can understand, what we proposed in this network protocol. 

Research Topics in ad hoc network 

The following are the subjects used in ad hoc network projects

  • FANET: it introduces by the UAV with the motive to form flying ad hoc networks for the purpose to enable the facility of the sensor, GPS, and camera in minor flying automobiles. FANET is an important branch of MANET
  • VANET: it is a type of network that connects the moving or static automobiles to communicate with each other for a different purpose, it also involves V2X communication. It is called a vehicular ad hoc network, it even enables communication between vehicles at high speed. 
  • MANET: it is called a Mobile Ad hoc network that enables a routable wireless networking atmosphere. 

We are glad to notify you that we could extend our support and guidance over the other domains of ad hoc networking as it is a vast and typically a scoped area if you are interested. If you confirm your acceptance to work with us, we provide our entire support throughout your project journey.

Result analysis in ad hoc network 

Result analysis is a major part of any project. If you want to show your project in the best, it’s necessary to prove the results must be better than the previous approaches. However, the performance analysis of ad hoc network measured in two categories as follows, 

  • Data rate: makes the network grip variations in the networking atmosphere that enables to assure the mobile network QoS.
  • Traffic load: enables every node to inspect its loading scenarios to avoid network/ packet traffic 

According to the subject/research domain, modules are different to choose. We must find the appropriate module for accurate and relevant simulation. Some of the modules are based on the subject in ad hoc network projects. 

  • DSR: this module is purposed to process ad hoc network routing 
  • DYMO: this routing protocol is purposed to use in wireless multi-hop networks for the usage of mobile nodes. This protocol is mainly for MANET consideration. 

Important syntax in ad hoc network projects

  • Aimed at creating mobile node  

static class NodeClass : public TclClass {


           NodeClass() : TclClass(“Node”) {}

           TclObject* create(int, const char*const*) {

                return (new Node);


} class_node;

struct node_head Node::nodehead_ = { 0 }; // replaces LIST_INIT macro

char Node::nwrk_[NODE_NAMLOG_BUFSZ];

/* Additions for NixRouting */

int NixRoutingUsed = -1;

Node::Node() : 

           address_(-1), nodeid_ (-1), namChan_(0),


#ifdef HAVE_STL


#endif //HAVE_STL

           energy_model_(NULL), location_(NULL)




           insert(&(Node::nodehead_)); // insert self into static list of nodes

#ifdef HAVE_STL

           // Mods for Nix-Vector routing

           if (NixRoutingUsed < 0) {

                       // Find out if nix routing is in use

                       Tcl& tcl = Tcl::instance();

                       tcl.evalf(“Simulator set nix-routing”);



           if (NixRoutingUsed) {

                       // Create the NixNode pointer

                       if(0)printf(“Nix routing in use, creating NixNode\n”);

                       nixnode_ = new NixNode();


#endif //HAVE_STL

           neighbor_list_ = NULL;




           LIST_REMOVE(this, entry);


Useful applications in ad hoc network projects

            As discussed earlier, an ad hoc network is currently emerging in a wide range of fields. We find such applications to match the project in real-time. In the following, you can get some of the applications of ad hoc networks. 

  • Wireless mesh Networks: this network relies on wireless communication that enables frequent reconfiguration and over the bottlenecks of each node to get an established connection 

Emergency applications: 

  • the ad hoc network can be used in the applications of disaster/crisis management for controlling the crowd and for other rescuing purposes 
  • Collaborative and distributed computing: enables multimedia streaming over specified nodes and group sharing in conference
  • Military applications: Ad hoc network projects can be used in military applications to sustain communication in any scenario.

Major Algorithms in ad hoc projects

Generally, an algorithm in a network is to relate the processing steps of any network operation. For instance, routing with the destination in the process of sending packets through a particular or group of nodes is implemented by routing protocols. Hence it is important in any network domain. 

  • Greedy forwarding: In this algorithm, each node tries forward the message, by using the local information, close to the destination. It looks apt from the perspective of the neighbor who receives the message in the local area of networking.
  • Location-Based Multicast Algorithm: It is used in routing the location information of the packet. 
  • Distance Routing Effect Algorithm for Mobility (DREAM): it enables the network to be free from traffic by controls the message requesting the route forwarding by the neighbor.  

Research Areas in Ad hoc network 

There are two general possibilities available for ad hoc network research

  • Routing: Decides the path for transmitting packets from the source to the destination. Here, packets are efficiently forwarded to reach the expected QoS 
  • Security: Different types of security mechanisms are required that are path security, packet security, key management security, and cooperation enforcement security. 

Among the above-mentioned area, ‘routing’ enables the routing path for packet transmission available for both mobile ad hoc and computing devices and security provides the choice of key management and cooperation enforcement in wireless ad hoc networks. 

The primary process in ad hoc network 

There are 4 main layers in the ad hoc network; here we are providing an outline of each layer of the process for your reference

  • Application layer
    • Providing security
    • Discovering service
  • Transport layer
    • Quality of service management
  • Network layer 
    • Enables routing in addressing
    • Location management
  • Physical/link layer
    • Accessing channel
    • Multiuser detection
    • Power control

What are the steps in an ad hoc network? 

Knowing the steps in processing a data packet is a significant deal. The following process involves the steps in transmitting a data packet in an ad hoc network. A video for instance

Sending side

  • Loading Input video 
  • Perform of encoding 
  • Get encoded video
  • Sending through ad hoc channel

Receiver side

  • Getting extracted video
  • Performing decoding process
  • Receiving original video

Types of routing protocols in ad hoc network

There are various routing protocols in ad hoc networks in real-time. So not only for the purpose of the project, the routing can be used in a practical way. Some of the routing protocols are listed as follows

  • Wireless Routing Protocol: it is a wireless and MANET proactive unicast routing protocol 
  • Fisheye State Routing: it suggests to inherent a classified routing protocol aimed for ad hoc networks. It objectifies to share the link other proactive protocols. 
Ad Hoc Network Projects With source Code

Project Topics in ad hoc network 

Here’s the bull’s eye of this article. Our project developers have come up with innovative ideas on performing projects in ad hoc networking in various aspects. For your knowledge, we are outlining the samples as stated below. 

  • We help you in the projects focuses on the process of transmitting the sensitive data in the specified route path
  • We help you to perform projects on the ‘routing selection process based on AODV and packet transmission’ with the help of ad hoc simulation
  • We guide you in performing projects on the ‘process of sensitive packet transmission based on relay’
  • We help you in doing projects based on the transmission of data (packets) with the help of an ad hoc network
  • We also guide you in performing the ‘cluster data transmission processes with the help of an ad hoc network as pictured below

We are a handful of resourced engineers and a technically updated team with academic discourses. Also, we are having 5000+ happy customers in project service. We offer you homework and assignment writing in ad hoc network projects. So we insist you do not miss the opportunity to work with us!!